Whether searching for a job or internship, the process is the same. The best searches involve a combination of networking and online job applications. Some statistics say that 80% of all positions are filled through networking; therefore, it is important to combine networking with your online applications. Some examples of this might include:
Using LinkedIn to identify someone who works at a company you want to apply to and reaching out for an informational interview
Applying for positions with companies of interest before they are scheduled to be at a career fair, then at the fair introducing yourself, letting them know that you already applied
Conduct research for the company where a family friend works, then job shadow over the holidays and offer them your resume in case an internship or job becomes available
- Identifying small- to medium-sized companies in your area that do work you are interested in; reach out to those companies and request an internship or job
Job and internship searches are time-intensive processes; it is important to set realistic goals and expectations. Goal-setting can help you move forward by taking the larger tasks of finding an experience and breaking it down into manageable pieces (i.e. I will apply to 2 experiences and ask for 1 informational interview by Friday of each week). Recognizing that searches take time (3-6 months on average for a full-time job) will help you set realistic expectations and stay positive during the process.
Handshake, the ultimate career network and recruiting platform for college students and young alumni, is here! Created by students at Michigan Tech who were frustrated by the lack of opportunities on campus and the antiquated approach to college recruiting, Handshake is now used at over 400 schools nationwide and connects 230K employers to over 6 million students and alumni. Joining Handshake allows you to connect with over 200,000 top employers, search for thousands of available jobs and internships, receive personalized job recommendations based on your major and interests, register for events and view career fair information, manage on-campus interviews, and schedule appointments with career counselors!
All current UA students and recent graduates have a profile on Handshake connected to the University of Arkansas and are automatically approved to use Handshake. You can customize it by adding your resume, profile picture, career interests, work experiences, etc.
Recent UA graduates receive complementary access to Handshake for one year after graduation. After one year, those who are paying Alumni Association Members can retain access or request access to Handshake. Alumni who are not recent graduates or paying members will need to join or renew their Alumni Association Membership by visiting the Alumni Association Membership page. Once your Alumni Association Membership fee has been paid, email a receipt of your paid membership to firstname.lastname@example.org to request or retain access to Handshake. Alumni who sign up can request access to the University of Arkansas-Fayetteville during the Handshake sign-up process.
How do I start using Handshake?
Current Students & Recent Alumni: Login to Handshake by clicking on the "University of Arkansas - Fayetteville Sign On" button using your UARK username and password.
Arkansas Alumni Association Members: Login to Handshake and select "Student/Alumni." If you no longer have a UARK email and password, you can sign up using any personal email address. We will verify that you are a paying Alumni Association Member when you create your Handshake account and request to join the University of Arkansas-Fayetteville.
What documents are needed to use Handshake?
In order to apply for jobs in Handshake you will need to upload your resume. View How to Upload a Document for instructions on uploading your resume and other documents. Some organizations may also require a cover letter and/or a copy of your transcript. UA students and alumni can request electronic versions of their transcripts online.
- How often should I check Handshake?
Handshake is updated every day, so new job opportunities are always added to the system. You should check every few days at a minimum. You can also edit your default notification preferences, so you can receive an email to notify you about specific changes to applications, events, interview schedules, etc. Click here to see what the default notifications preferences are for you.
For major- or industry-specific job search links, please view the What Can I Do With This Major pages under the Explore Majors tab. Each major has targeted job & internship links.
Arkansas Job Searchshow
Academic Job Searchshow
Northwest Arkansas Jobsshow
- Careers Representing America
- Federal Jobs
- National Science Foundation Career Opportunities
- United States Health and Human Services
- US Department of Labor
- USAJobs for Students and Recent Graduates
- Federal Job Website USAJOBS
- Go Government
- State Government Jobs by State
- Jobs with the District of Columbia
- Lobbying Jobs
- Political Temp Jobs in Washington DC
- Roll Call Job Listings
- U.S. Senate Employment
Applying to graduate school may seem like a daunting task, but it doesn’t have to be. Here are 5 tips to keep in mind when applying for graduate schools.
- After researching schools, focus on at least 3 schools – a safety school (exceed the requirements), a match school (fit the requirements), and a dream school (it may be difficult to get in).
- Make a list of all the requirements and materials needed for each school, including deadlines. All schools will require at least an official transcript, application, and application fee. Other common requirements are letters of recommendation, test scores (GRE, GMAT, etc.), personal statement, and a portfolio or examples of work you’ve done.
- Practice for your entrance exam. Both Kaplan and Princeton Review offer free online GRE, PSAT, MCAT, GMAT, and LSAT tests.
- Ask professors, supervisors, and research or academic advisors to write letters of recommendation. When asking, include your resume and anything you’d like the recommender to address in their letter. Ask for recommendations several weeks before the deadline. Don’t forget to write a thank-you note afterwards!
- If you’re required to submit examples of work, ask a professor to review it for you.
Utilize the following links to learn about specific graduate school programs:
1. Make a list of companies or organizations of interest. Consider the field in which you wish to work, your work interests and values, your preferred location, and organizational culture.
2. Read about each company. Learn what the company or organization does, how it does it, why it does it, who does it, and where it is.
3. Network with people inside your top 5-10 companies. Because 80% of job openings are not advertised, you will want to start networking. You can do this through a variety of avenues, including conducting an advanced people search using LinkedIn, conducting informational interviews, and job shadowing, to name a few.
1. Use your network to identify a person currently working or who previously worked in the industry you are considering.
2. Prior to your meeting, identify 10 questions about the industry you would like to ask the professional. A couple of example questions include: How did you get started in this industry? What are the ideal education, background, and skills for success in this industry?
3. Contact the professional by telephone, email, or in person; introduce yourself (practice this ahead of time) and ask for thirty minutes of their time.
Tips to remember:
Job Shadowing is short-term (one to two days), offers no pay or academic credit, and is hosted by volunteers in various organizations to help students gain an insider's view of a career field. It involves observing a professional through a normal day’s activities and may include informational interviews, tours, and participation in office projects. Shadowing also may help you get your foot in the door for a competitive internship or job.
Use your personal network to identify potential contacts working in fields that are interesting to you. If this doesn't work, use LinkedIn, the company's or organization's web pages, professional associations, and career fairs.
Call the individual and indicate that you are seeking more information about their field and would like to spend a half day or day shadowing them on their job. When talking to the individual refer to the research you’ve already reviewed about this field or organization.
What to Prepare
- Conduct research of the companies in attendance.
- Write three questions about the companies that demonstrate your interest in working there.
- Know your skills and prepare your 30-second commercial to introduce yourself to a recruiter. This is an opportunity to share a little bit about your experience, skills, strengths, accomplishments, and goals.
What to Bring
- Extra copies of your resume, a pen, and padfolio with notes from your research.
- A checklist of the names and titles of the contacts you want to make at the event.
- A brief outline of the research you conducted on the companies.
What to do when you get to the Event
- If the employer representative is engaged in conversation, wait nearby until they are finished.
- Greet the representative with a firm handshake, smile and look them in the eye.
- Be prepared to initiate the conversation.
- Show your interest by asking questions about the company or the individual person.
- Be sure to get the business card of everyone to whom you talk.
What to do after the Event
- Send thank you emails to everyone you met.
- Find them on LinkedIn and request they become one of your contacts.
Cooperative Education (Co-op) and internships both provide students with an opportunity to learn about their field of study through "hands-on" experience in the workplace. Each college at UA has different guidelines for their academic credit-bearing co-op and internship programs, so please follow the links below to learn more about your college’s guidelines.
Co-op Information for each College
Conduct Research on the Institution
Find information on the school or institution’s website
Here you can find out quite a bit about the school: where they are located, how many students they have, what they’re campus is like, when they were founded, if they’re public or private, etc.
- U.S. News and World Report Rankings
They have information including number of students, student/faculty ratios, tuition costs, and much more.
- Carnegie Foundation Rankings
Here you can find out the ranking of the institution you’re interested in and what it means.
- The Chronicle of Higher Education
Look here for information on how much faculty are paid, type of institution, number of students, etc.
Potential Application Materials
Based on the research you conducted about the institution, tailor your application to reflect that information. Here are some of the potential application materials for your job search.
- Curriculum Vitae (CV): A comprehensive statement emphasizing your professional qualifications, education, experience, accomplishments, activities, and special qualifications.
- Statement of teaching interests (or teaching philosophy): A narrative that includes your conception of teaching and learning, a description of how you teach, and justification for why you teach that way.
- Statement of research interests: A summary of your research accomplishments, current work, and future direction and potential of your work.
- Letters of recommendations/professional references: You should talk with each person who will be recommending you, telling them about the types of jobs you are seeking. Provide them with copies of your CV and anything else they may need.
- Other application materials include a professional development plan, sample syllabi, writing samples or copies of published papers, and sample course evaluations.
Tell us about yourself
It is ok to talk about things that are on your resume like where you went to school, and it’s good to let them know how you got to where you are. Try to keep the topics mostly applicable to the position you’re applying for, although something short and (somewhat) personal can be ok for them to remember you by.
Describe your research.
You should be able to describe your research in 3-5 minutes. It’s great not only to talk about the research you’ve done, but future research you’d like to do as a post-doc or faculty member.
Why do you want to work at our institution?
Show them that you’ve done some research about the institution. For example, “I’ve really enjoyed the teaching experience I gained as a graduate student and would like to work somewhere that places a high value on teaching.” Speak to the size, type, and location of the institution; the students; and about the program/department to which you’re applying.
Do you have any questions for us?
Your response should always be yes or it seems like you don’t care and/or haven’t done your research. Ask to learn more about a specific lab on campus or about the type of teaching or research support available to faculty on campus.
Other questions to prepare for:
- Why did you choose this dissertation topic?
- What are your research goals for the next five years? Ten?
- What theoretical framework is your dissertation (or other research) based upon?
- In what way does your dissertation research contribute to the field? To this department?
- If you could create and teach any course, what would it be?
- Give specific examples of ways in which you motivate both a classroom and individual?
- How do you feel about teaching required classes?
At public institutions, where salary levels are more strictly based on government funding, it may not be possible to negotiate salaries or university-wide benefits. It may be possible to negotiate some other items including:
- More lab space, equipment
- Library acquisitions
- Personal computer
- Teaching assistants for classes
- Summer teaching opportunities
- Jobs for significant others or assistance in finding jobs
- Moving expenses
- Funding for research
- Recruit Military - This site aims to connect veterans with employers and includes a section of articles that are aimed at helping veterans market themselves during their search.
- Hire Heroes USA - Non-profit with the goal of helping military personnel transition into civilian life; includes resource center and job board.
- careeronestop - Includes database that links civilian jobs to your military job and information on the job search process, all tailored to veterans.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination against a qualified individual with a disability with regard to job application processes, hiring, training, employment privileges, advancement, firing, and more. This includes someone with a documented physical or mental impairment limiting at least one major life activity; it involves visible disabilities like paralysis but also invisible ones such as anxiety disorders, diabetes, or epilepsy. Self-identifying or disclosing a disability to a potential employer is a personal decision, and it is not illegal to withhold the information if that’s your preference. However, if reasonable accommodations, which employers legally must provide, are necessary for you to complete the functions of the position or application process, you may need to self-disclose a disability to receive an accommodation.
- Accommodations - New professionals with disabilities should carefully think through what is needed to function optimally on the job prior to the hiring process. Most accommodations cost less than $500. Employers can receive tax incentives for accommodation costs.
- Job Applicants and the Americans with Disabilities Act - This link provides valuable info on discussing disability and accommodation with a potential employer, being qualified for a job, reasonable accommodations, etc.
- ProjectHired.org - "Mission: to assist individuals with disabilities to gain and sustain employment, in partnership with business and the community."
- University of Arkansas International Students and Scholars Office - International Students and Scholars provides immigration education and support to University of Arkansas students, scholars, and their families.
- Going Global Database - (FREE for all UARK students when logging in the first time from a computer on campus) The H1B Plus database contains all 400,000-plus DOL H1B records and allows for searches based on industry, job title, company, location, wages, and number of applications.
- H1visajobs - Information for international professionals (experienced or not) seeking employment in the US with sponsorship for H-1B.
- Art Serratelli’s Visas After Graduation Resource Guide - This guide walks you through the visa types that are available to you once your student visa runs out and helps you identify a strategy for targeting certain visas over others as you conduct your job search.
African-American Career Resources
Asian-American Career Resources
Hispanic and Latino Career Resources
Undocumented Student Career Resources
Native-American Career Resources
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Career Resources
Women's Career Resources
The 50+ Workforce Career Resources
Each semester, there has been a noticeable increase in companies targeting students for financial gain while posing as job offers.
The University Career Development Center shares a helpful video about Fraudulent Job Offers from the Federal Trade Commission which is informative and may help you avoid being the victim of a scam.
Walton Career Services also has a document about employment fraud.
You can also view a PSA from the FBI entitled "Cyber-Related Scams Targeting Universities, Employees, and Students"
REMEMBER, if something seems too good to be true, there's a strong possibility it is!
The University Career Development Center & Walton Career Services serve as a referral source for jobs and other opportunities and generally cannot make specific recommendations regarding off-campus employers. The Centers make no guarantees about the positions listed by the Centers.
While we expect employers to adhere to ethical standards, we are not able to research the integrity of each organization or individual that lists a job with us. Students and alumni are urged to ask good questions and use common sense when applying for any job or internship, particularly with respect to employment in a private home or other opportunities not affiliated with an established public or private sector organization. We strongly encourage you to research prospective employers using resources made available by the Career Centers, as well as other tools, such as the internet, to educate yourself about potential job/internship scams.
The Career Centers never share or sell student information to anyone. However, the UofA online directory, which is not affiliated with the Career Centers, is public and can be accessed by anyone, including potential scammers. If you are a current student and want to update or remove your student information from the UA campus directory, follow instructions provided by the UA Connect Help Center.
How the scam works:
- Scammers post online job advertisements soliciting college students for administrative positions.
- The student employee receives counterfeit checks in the mail or via e-mail and is instructed to deposit the checks into their personal checking account.
- The scammer then directs the student to withdraw the funds from their checking account and send a portion, via wire transfer, to another individual. Often, the transfer of funds is to a "vendor", purportedly for equipment, materials, or software necessary for the job.
- Subsequently, the checks are confirmed to be fraudulent by the bank.
Potential Consequences of participating in this scam:
- Your bank account may be closed due to fraudulent activity and a report could be filed by the bank with a credit bureau or law enforcement agency.
- You may be responsible for reimbursing the bank the amount of the counterfeit checks.
- The scamming incident could adversely affect your credit record.
- The scammers often obtain personal information from you while posing as your employer, leaving you vulnerable to identity theft.
- Scammers seeking to acquire funds through fraudulent methods could potentially utilize the money to fund illicit criminal or terrorist activity.
Here are some good tips that the job is probably fraudulent:
- The promise of a large salary for very little work - especially those that state thousands of dollars of income per month with little or no experience required.
- Never accept a job that requires depositing checks into your account or wiring portions to other individuals or accounts, or send copies of personal documents.
- Positions in which you are offered a large payment or reward in exchange for allowing the use of your bank account - often for depositing checks or transferring money.
- Many of the scammers who send these messages are not native English speakers. Look for poor use of the English language in e-mails such as incorrect grammar, capitalization, and tenses.
- While there are legitimate opportunities for individuals to work from home, be sure to research the position in advance of applying.
If you suspect a position is fraudulent, please contact the University Career Center at 479.575.2805 or the Walton Career Services office at 479.575.6100 right away. If you believe you are the victim of fraud resulting from a job listing, please contact the local (479-587-3555) and campus (479-575-2222) police as well. We also encourage all victims of email or internet scams to report them to the Federal Bureau of Investigation at www.ic3.gov.